Quick Answer: How Is Viral Encephalitis Treated?

Is there a cure for viral encephalitis?

Many people who have encephalitis fully recover.

The most appropriate treatment and the patient’s chance of recovery depend on the virus involved and the severity of the inflammation.

In acute encephalitis, the infection directly affects the brain cells..

What is the survival rate of encephalitis?

Some forms of encephalitis are more severe than others. For example, herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) has a mortality rate of up to 30% even with specific anti-viral treatment, and 70-80% without the treatment. When death happens it is usually because of the brain swelling as a result of its severe inflammation.

Can you catch viral encephalitis?

Encephalitis caused by a virus is known as “viral encephalitis”. In rare cases, encephalitis is caused by bacteria, fungi or parasites. You can catch these infections from someone else, but encephalitis itself is not spread from person to person.

What is the best treatment for encephalitis?

Encephalitis caused by certain viruses usually requires antiviral treatment….Antiviral medications commonly used to treat encephalitis include:Acyclovir (Zovirax)Ganciclovir (Cytovene)Foscarnet (Foscavir)

What are the long term effects of viral encephalitis?

Encephalitis can damage the brain and cause long-term problems including: memory problems. personality and behavioural changes. speech and language problems.

How can viral encephalitis be prevented?

The best way to prevent viral encephalitis is to take precautions to avoid exposure to viruses that can cause the disease. Try to: Practice good hygiene. Wash hands frequently and thoroughly with soap and water, particularly after using the toilet and before and after meals.

Does viral encephalitis go away?

In mild cases of encephalitis, the inflammation will likely resolve in a few days. For people who have severe cases it may require weeks or months for them to get better. It can sometimes cause permanent brain damage or even death.

Can viral encephalitis be treated with antibiotics?

If encephalitis is caused by a bacterial infection, it can be treated with intravenous antibiotics. Treatment for herpes-related encephalitis includes supportive care, as well as intravenous antiviral therapy with a drug such as acyclovir.

How serious is viral encephalitis?

Viral encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain caused by a virus. The most serious potential complication is permanent brain damage. Children aged under one year and adults aged over 55 years are at increased risk of life-threatening complications.

What is the most common cause of encephalitis?

The most common causes of viral encephalitis are herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2, varicella zoster virus and enteroviruses, which cause gastrointestinal illness. Encephalitis can also result from certain viruses carried by mosquitoes, ticks and other insects or animals such as: West Nile virus.

How do you test for viral encephalitis?

Diagnostic tests that may be performed to confirm the diagnosis of encephalitis may include the following:Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). … Computed tomography scan (also called a CT or CAT scan). … Blood tests.Urine and stool tests.Sputum culture. … Electroencephalogram (EEG). … Spinal tap (also called a lumbar puncture).More items…

Which is worse meningitis or encephalitis?

Bacterial meningitis and viral encephalitis may be rapidly fatal, even in healthy persons. Survivors may suffer lasting neurological sequelae, including memory loss and seizures. Viral meningitis, by contrast, gives patients a bad headache and a stiff neck, but uneventful recovery is the rule.

How contagious is viral encephalitis?

In this case, encephalitis is considered to be contagious. Viruses that are transmitted through the bite of infected insects are not considered contagious from person to person. Other causes of encephalitis such as autoimmune problems or chemical encephalitis are not contagious.

How long is treatment for encephalitis?

Treating the cause If a cause of encephalitis is found, treatment will start straight away. Possible treatments include: antiviral medicine – used if encephalitis is caused by the herpes simplex or chickenpox viruses; it’s usually given into a vein three times a day for 2 to 3 weeks.

What is the difference between meningitis and encephalitis?

Meningitis is an infection of the meninges, the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain itself. Anyone can get encephalitis or meningitis. Causes of encephalitis and meningitis include viruses, bacteria, fungus, and parasites.