Quick Answer: How Can We Prevent And Control Infectious Diseases?

WHO infection control standard precautions?

Standard precautions consist of the following practices:hand hygiene before and after all patient contact.the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection.the safe use and disposal of sharps.More items….

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet, and airborne. Contact precautions are used in addition to standard precautions when caring for patients with known or suspected diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact.

What are the 5 ways to prevent lifestyle diseases?

Here are the 5 Rules of Thumb that if maintained can actually prevent and cut down the risk of acquiring any lifestyle disease : Diet (less carbohydrate, more protein, less oil) : … Regular exercise: … Abstain from Substance Abuse: … Control weight: … Control Blood Pressure and Sugar:

Why is disease control important?

As the nation’s health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health threats. To accomplish our mission, CDC conducts critical science and provides health information that protects our nation against expensive and dangerous health threats, and responds when these arise.

What are two common and effective ways to reduce the spread of infection?

Ways you can reduce or slow the spread of infections include:Get the appropriate vaccine.Wash your hands frequently.Practice physical distancing (staying more than 2 metres (6 feet) apart).Stay home if you are sick (so you do not spread the illness to other people).More items…

What is the most important method of preventing infectious disease?

Wash Your Hands -The single most important way to prevent the spread of infectious diseases is to wash your hands. Most infections, particularly the common cold and gastroenteritis, are contracted when our germ infested hands come in contact with our mouths.

What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What is the difference between control and prevention?

When we say prevention it refers to measures that are applied to prevent the occurrence of a disease. When we say control it refers to measures that are applied to prevent transmission after the disease has occurred.

What is the best method of infection control?

Hand hygiene is a major component of standard precautions and one of the most effective methods to prevent transmission of pathogens associated with health care.

What is the first level of infection control?

The first level of control is administrative controls, which are measures taken to ensure that the entire system is working effectively. These controls include: implementing proper procedures for triage of patients. detecting infections early.

What are the methods of disease control?

The infectious diseases may be prevented in one of two general ways: (1) by preventing contact, and therefore transmission of infection, between the susceptible host and the source of infection and (2) by rendering the host unsusceptible, either by selective breeding or by induction of an effective artificial immunity.

What is standard precautions infection control?

Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.

What are the two basic goals of infection control?

The two basic goals of infection control are to protect the patient and health care personnel from infection. Infection control starts with standard precautions. Standard precautions are the methods recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for preventing the transmission of infections.

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

What are 3 specific actions you can take to help avoid chronic disease?

Here are 10 ways to reduce risks of chronic disease:Nutrition – you are what you eat. One of the ways to reduce these risks is to change what and when you eat. … Exercise. … Rest. … Stop smoking. … Control your blood pressure. … Limit your intake of alcohol. … Reduce stress. … Get regular check-ups.More items…•

What are the most common infectious diseases?

Common Infectious DiseasesChickenpox.Common cold.Diphtheria.E. coli.Giardiasis.HIV/AIDS.Infectious mononucleosis.Influenza (flu)More items…

What are the principles of disease prevention?

Disease prevention and control involves the three interrelated processes of bioexclusion, surveillance, and biocontainment.

How do you control crop disease?

A variety of chemicals are available that have been designed to control plant diseases by inhibiting the growth of or by killing the disease-causing pathogens. Chemicals used to control bacteria (bactericides), fungi (fungicides), and nematodes (nematicides) may be applied to seeds, foliage, flowers, fruit, or soil.

How can infectious diseases be controlled?

Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

How can we prevent and control diseases?

Learn, practice, and teach healthy habits.#1 Handle & Prepare Food Safely. Food can carry germs. … #2 Wash Hands Often. … #3 Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … #4 Cough and Sneeze into a Tissue or Your Sleeve. … #5 Don’t Share Personal Items. … #6 Get Vaccinated. … #7 Avoid Touching Wild Animals. … #8 Stay Home When Sick.

How do we prevent bacteria?

Prevent infections. You can prevent infections through simple tactics, such as washing your hands regularly, avoiding close contact with people who are sick, cleaning surfaces that are touched often, avoiding contaminated food and water, getting vaccinations, and taking appropriate medications. Hand-washing.