Question: How Do Babies Get Congenital Heart Disease?

What are the symptoms of congenital heart disease in infants?

The symptoms of congenital heart disease in infants and children may include:A bluish tint to the skin, fingernails, and lips (doctors call this cyanosis, a condition caused by a lack of oxygenated blood)Fast breathing and poor feeding.Poor weight gain.Lung infections.An inability to exercise..

How does congenital heart defect affect a child?

Severe heart disorders generally become evident during the first few months after birth. Some babies are blue or have very low blood pressure shortly after birth. Other defects cause breathing difficulties, feeding problems or poor weight gain. Minor defects are most often diagnosed during a routine medical checkup.

What are the 4 stages of congestive heart failure?

There are four stages of heart failure (Stage A, B, C and D). The stages range from “high risk of developing heart failure” to “advanced heart failure,” and provide treatment plans.

How is congenital heart disease prevented?

Congenital heart disease is often impossible to prevent. Avoiding toxic exposures, such as drinking alcohol during pregnancy, prevents some CHD. Similarly, avoiding certain infections during pregnancy, such as rubella (preventable by immunization), can prevent some CHD.

Is congenital heart disease curable?

There is no cure for CHD. Many people have surgeries to repair their heart, however, they are not cured. There may be long-term effects of heart surgery, such as abnormal heartbeats. A cardiologist can often detect problems with your heart before you notice any symptoms.

How common are congenital heart defects?

What are congenital heart defects? Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defect in the United States, affecting nearly 1% (about 40,000) of births per year. CHDs are present at birth and they affect the structure of a baby’s heart and the way it works.

What causes heart problems in infants?

In most cases, when a baby is born with a congenital heart defect, there is no known reason for it. Some types of congenital heart defects can be linked to an abnormality in the number of a baby’s chromosomes. They may be linked to single gene defects. Or they may be linked to environmental factors.

Is congenital heart defect a disability?

If your child has a congenital heart defect, he or she may be eligible for Social Security disability benefits. The Social Security Administration (SSA) offers monthly financial aid for people of all ages who have serious conditions or illnesses.

Is congenital heart defect a heart disease?

This kind of heart ailment is a defect or abnormality, not a disease. A congenital heart defect (CHD) results when the heart, or blood vessels near the heart, don’t develop normally before birth.

How long do HLHS patients live?

Most infants die within the first two weeks of life, with an average age at death of 4.5 days (31,33,34). Some patients with HLHS, however, can survive beyond sixty days, without any surgical intervention through the development of pulmonary hypertension (8,33).

What is the most common congenital heart defect in infants?

The most common congenital heart defect is a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). The aortic valve opens and shuts to allow blood flow from the heart to the aorta.

What causes congenital heart defects in infants?

Most congenital heart defects result from problems early in your child’s heart development, the cause of which is unknown. However, certain environmental and genetic risk factors may play a role. They include: Rubella (German measles).

What is congenital heart disease in babies?

A congenital heart defect (CHD) is a heart problem that a baby has at birth. It is caused by abnormal formation of the heart during growth in the womb. In most cases, when a baby is born with a congenital heart defect, there is no known reason for it.

Can a baby survive with a hole in its heart?

This defect can be fatal in the early weeks of life if it is not treated. Some babies survive longer if there is a hole in the partition between the upper or lower chambers of the heart, allowing the blood to mix.

What week is baby’s heart fully developed?

British researchers analyzed scans of the hearts of healthy fetuses in the womb and found that the heart has four clearly defined chambers in the eighth week of pregnancy, but does not have fully organized muscle tissue until the 20th week.

How can I prevent my baby from having a heart defect?

Avoid drinking alcohol or taking medication. Take 400 micrograms of folic acid supplement a day during the first trimester (first 12 weeks) of your pregnancy – this lowers your risk of giving birth to a child with congenital heart disease, as well as several other types of birth defect.

Can heart defects be prevented?

In many cases, there’s nothing you can do to prevent congenital heart disease. But there are steps you can take to protect yourself and your baby. Tell your doctor if you’re pregnant before taking any medicines. Ask your doctor what types of chemicals or substances could be harmful to your baby.

What is the most common cause of congenital heart disease?

Genetic conditions Down’s syndrome is the most widely-known genetic condition that can cause congenital heart disease. Children with Down’s syndrome are born with a range of disabilities as the result of a genetic abnormality.

Can you live a normal life with congenital heart disease?

As medical care and treatment have improved, babies and children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) are living longer and healthier lives. Most are now living into adulthood. Ongoing, appropriate medical care can help children and adults with a CHD live as healthy as possible.

When can CHD be detected?

Congenital heart disease may initially be suspected during a routine ultrasound scan of the baby in the womb. Specialist ultrasound, called foetal echocardiography, will then be carried out at around 18 to 22 weeks of the pregnancy to try to confirm the exact diagnosis.

How early can CHD be detected on ultrasound?

Evaluation of the fetal heart at 11-13 + 6 weeks of gestation is indicated for women with a family history of congenital heart defects (CHD), a previous child with CDH, or an ultrasound finding associated with cardiac anomalies.

What is the life expectancy for a child with congenital heart defect?

Survival. About 97% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to one year of age. About 95% of babies born with a non-critical CHD are expected to survive to 18 years of age.

Can stress cause congenital heart defects?

MONDAY, March 25 (HealthDay News) — Stress in mothers before and during pregnancy may boost the risk of congenital heart defects in their children, more new evidence suggests.

How early can congenital heart defects be detected?

You can have this test at about 18 to 24 weeks of pregnancy. You may need a fetal echocardiogram if: Your provider finds a possible problem, like an abnormal heart rhythm in your baby, during an ultrasound.

How can you tell if your baby has a heart problem?

Signs of potential heart problems in infants can include:Trouble gaining weight.A bluish color to the lips, tongue or nail beds.Difficulty with feeding.Fast or rapid breathing, or difficulty breathing, even while resting.Tiring easily while eating.Sweating while feeding.

How is congenital heart disease detected?

Tests to diagnose or rule out congenital heart disease include:Electrocardiogram (ECG). This painless test records the electrical signals in your heart. … Chest X-ray. … Pulse oximetry. … Echocardiogram. … Transesophageal echocardiogram. … Cardiac CT scan and MRI . … Cardiac catheterization.

Is congenital heart disease serious?

Congenital heart disease, also called congenital heart defect, can change the way blood flows through your heart. Some congenital heart defects might not cause any problems. Complex defects, however, can cause life-threatening complications.

Is a hole in a baby’s heart Serious?

These usually close during pregnancy or shortly after birth. If one of these openings does not close, a hole is left, and it is called an atrial septal defect. The hole increases the amount of blood that flows through the lungs and over time, it may cause damage to the blood vessels in the lungs.

Can a heart defect go undetected?

Congenital heart disease is the most common type of birth defect, yet despite great advances in screening and diagnosis, the condition can go unnoticed for a long time, well until heart damage has progressed enough to cause detectable symptoms.