How Long Can You Live With A VSD?

Can you live with a VSD?

Adults with closed VSDs are expected to have a normal lifespan.

A small number have needed re-operation.

The most common reason was to close small leaks around the original patch.

Even if you have a repaired VSD, you do not have a “normal” heart..

Is a VSD life threatening?

Ventricular septal defects (VSD) are usually considered non-life-threatening, usually closing spontaneously or causing symptoms of congestive heart failure, which can be surgically treated in time to save the patient’s life.

Is a VSD considered heart disease?

A VSD, therefore, is a type of congenital heart disease (CHD). The heart with a VSD has a hole in the wall (the septum) between its two lower chambers (the ventricles).

Can a hole in the heart go undetected?

Atrial Septal Defect Blood that should flow from the atrium to the ventricle instead flows through a hole in the septum from the left side of the heart to the right, and blood flow to the lungs increases. Small holes can go undetected until adulthood.

Can a large VSD close on its own?

A large VSD is less likely to close completely on its own, but it may get smaller over time. Large VSDs often cause symptoms in infants and children, and surgery usually is needed to close them. VSDs are found in different parts of the septum. Membranous VSDs are located near the heart valves.

Can VSD be detected before birth?

VSDs defects can be diagnosed as early as 12 weeks gestation. This can be dis- covered before birth, but is sometimes not noted until after birth. There may be a murmur (abnormal heart sound) or other abnormality that indicates the problem.

How long does it take for a small VSD to close?

Small VSDs If a defect is going to close, it usually happens by age 2 . But some defects don’t close until age 4 . These children usually grow and develop normally. They also have no activity restrictions, and live normal, healthy lives.

Can VSD cause stroke?

Over time, if not repaired, this defect can increase the risk for other complications, including heart failure, high blood pressure in the lungs (called pulmonary hypertension), irregular heart rhythms (called arrhythmia), or stroke.

Can a baby survive with a hole in its heart?

This defect can be fatal in the early weeks of life if it is not treated. Some babies survive longer if there is a hole in the partition between the upper or lower chambers of the heart, allowing the blood to mix.

Can a small VSD get bigger?

There’s no concern that a VSD will get any bigger, though: VSDs may get smaller or close completely without treatment, but they won’t get any bigger. A kid or teen with a small defect that causes no symptoms might simply need to visit a pediatric cardiologist regularly to make sure there are no problems.

What happens after VSD surgery?

After the procedure in the hospital, you can generally expect the following: Your child may spend several hours in a recovery room. Or the surgery team may take him or her straight to the intensive care unit. Medical staff will closely watch your child’s heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen levels, and breathing.

Can VSD cause heart failure?

Heart failure. In a heart with a medium or large VSD, the heart needs to work harder to pump enough blood to the body. Because of this, heart failure can develop if medium to large VSDs aren’t treated.

How common is VSD in babies?

Ventricular septal defects are among the most common congenital heart defects, occurring in 0.1 to 0.4 percent of all live births and making up about 20 to 30 percent of congenital heart lesions. Ventricular septal defects are probably one of the most common reasons for infants to see a cardiologist.

What problems can a septal defect cause if left untreated?

If a large atrial septal defect goes untreated, increased blood flow to your lungs increases the blood pressure in the lung arteries (pulmonary hypertension). Eisenmenger syndrome. Pulmonary hypertension can cause permanent lung damage.

How long does a VSD repair take?

The repair will take about 2 hours. The healthcare provider puts a small, flexible tube (catheter) into several blood vessels in the groin. One of the catheters will have a small device inside it. The provider threads the catheter through the blood vessel all the way to the ventricular septum.

Is VSD a sign of Down syndrome?

Since none had trisomy 21, this does not affect our overall conclusion that a prenatally visualized VSD is not associated with a significant risk for Down syndrome.

Does VSD require surgery?

Many babies born with a small ventricular septal defect (VSD) won’t need surgery to close the hole. After birth, your doctor may want to observe your baby and treat symptoms while waiting to see if the defect closes on its own. Babies who need surgical repair often have the procedure in their first year.

What is considered a small VSD?

The VSDs were classified as: small (diameter less than or equal to 3 mm), medium (3 to 6 mm) and large (greater than 6 mm).